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Untersuchungen über das osmotische Verhalten der Grünalge Valonia ventricosa
Gessner, F. (1967). Untersuchungen über das osmotische Verhalten der Grünalge Valonia ventricosa. Helgol. Wiss. Meeresunters. 15(1-4): 143-154.
In: Helgoländer Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen. Biologische Anstalt Helgoland: Hamburg. ISSN 0017-9957, more
Also appears in:
Kinne, O.; Aurich, H. (Ed.) (1967). Vorträge und Diskussionen. Erstes Europäisches Symposion über Meeresbiologie = Papers and discussions. First European Symposium on Marine Biology = Rapports et discussions. Premier symposium européen sur biologie marine. Helgoländer Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen, 15(1-4). Biologische Anstalt Helgoland: Hamburg. 669 pp., more
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  • Gessner, F.

    Among the marine Chlorophyta, Valonia ventricosa represents a pantropic species; one of its few extratropical localities is the island Ibiza in the Mediterranean. Our physiological investigations were carried out during several months between 1960 and 1963 in the coastal waters of Venezuela (Mochima Bay near Cumana). The following results were obtained: 1. The osmotic values (measured with the kryoskopic method) are 1 to 3 atm higher than those of the seawater (salinity 36–37 permil). 2. Neither size nor age of the cells influence the osmotic characteristics of the cell sap. 3. A transfer from marine to distilled water causes a rapid decrease of the osmotic values (within 160 minutes from 26 to 2 atm). Due to the bigger relative surface, this decrease is more rapid in small cells than in the bigger ones. 4. In concentrated seawater with 31 atm the osmotic values of the cells did not change within 3 hours. 5. In more concentrated or in diluted seawater, the cells are irreversibly damaged within a short time.Valonia ventricosa can therefore be considered as a stenohaline aliga without any recognizable osmoregulation. 6. Addition of CaCl2 delays the decrease of the osmotic value. 7. Chemical analysis of the cell sap demonstrates the well-known prevalence of potassium, which is 66 times more concentrated than in seawater. 8. The cell wall can be easily stained with methyleneblue and in this case the permeability for anorganic ions is probably reduced. 9. Photographs taken with the electron-microscope show in cross section the multilammellate nature of the cell wall and the change of the fibrillar-direction from one lamella to the other, giving the picture of a cross-fibrillar structure. Since the cells — in contradiction to those of otherValonia species — do not burst in distilled water, it must be assumed that the cell wall structure is able to resist high pressures (about 26 atm) or is characterized by a relatively low water-permeability.

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