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Biokinetics of radiocobalt in the asteroid Asterias rubens (Echinodermata): sea water and food exposures
Warnau, M.; Fowler, S.W.; Teyssié, J.-L. (1999). Biokinetics of radiocobalt in the asteroid Asterias rubens (Echinodermata): sea water and food exposures. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 39(1-12): 159-164. dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0025-326X(98)00179-9
In: Marine Pollution Bulletin. Macmillan: London. ISSN 0025-326X; e-ISSN 1879-3363, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Warnau, M., more
  • Fowler, S.W.
  • Teyssié, J.-L.

Abstract
    Uptake and loss of cobalt-57 were investigated in the starfish Asteriasrubens, in order to assess its value as a sentinel organism for nearshore radionuclide contamination. Whole-body uptake from sea water was linear over a 32-day exposure period and reached wet weight concentration factor (CF) of 23 ± 5. Bioaccumulation of 57Co was dependent upon body compartment, the aboral part of the body wall concentrating cobalt to the greatest degree (wet weight CF: 77 ± 16). After restoration of uncontaminated conditions, radiocobalt was released following an exponential loss kinetics characterized by a biological half-life (Tb1/2) of 27 ± 6 day. Dietary radiocobalt (taken up during a short-term feeding for 24 h on radiolabelled mussels) showed a much more rapid turnover time (Tb1/2: 14 ± 4 d), suggesting that A.rubens accumulates this radionuclide predominantly from sea water. A.rubens, and more particularly the aboral part of its body wall, would readily reveal the presence of an environmental contamination by radiocobalt and could preserve this information over a period of few months.

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