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Ultrastructure and presumed origin of the phagocytic cells involved in the regression of headless stalks of globiferous pedicellariae in the echinoid Sphaerechinus granularis (Echinodermata)
Ghyoot, M.; Dubois, P.; Jangoux, M. (1990). Ultrastructure and presumed origin of the phagocytic cells involved in the regression of headless stalks of globiferous pedicellariae in the echinoid Sphaerechinus granularis (Echinodermata), in: De Ridder, C. et al. (Ed.) Echinoderm Research. Proceedings of the Second European Conference on Echinoderms, Brussels, Belgium, 18-21 September 1989. pp. 239-245
In: De Ridder, C. et al. (Ed.) (1990). Echinoderm Research. Proceedings of the Second European Conference on Echinoderms, Brussels, Belgium, 18-21 September 1989. A.A. Balkema: Rotterdam, Brookfield. ISBN 90-6191-141-9. 343 pp., more

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 300865 [ OMA ]
Document type: Conference paper

Keywords
    Biology > Organism morphology > Animal morphology
    Sphaerechinus granularis (Lamarck, 1816) [WoRMS]
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Ghyoot, M.
  • Dubois, P., more
  • Jangoux, M., more

Abstract
    When globiferous pedicellariae of Sphaerechinus granularis inject their venom, their head autotomizes whereas their stalk remains on the test. Following autotomy, the headless stalk shows repair of the apical wound, resorption of the stalk tissues, and production of a collagen-rich fibrous tissue. Three cell types are involved in these processes. The phagocytic cells perform the resorption of both the joint tissues and the intradermal nerve tracts; the skeletoclastic cells are responsible for the resorption of the calcareous rod; and the collagen-associated cells are involved in both the production and the resorption of collagen fibrils. The three cell types share morphological characteristics between each other and with phagocytic coelomocytes. It is suggested that they could either correspond to migrating coelomocytes or share a common origin with them.

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