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Impacts on a storm wall caused by non-breaking waves overtopping a smooth dike slope
Van Doorslaer, K.; Romano, A.; De Rouck, J.; Kortenhaus, A. (2017). Impacts on a storm wall caused by non-breaking waves overtopping a smooth dike slope. Coast. Eng. 120: 93-111.
In: Coastal Engineering: An International Journal for Coastal, Harbour and Offshore Engineers. Elsevier: Amsterdam; Lausanne; New York; Oxford; Shannon; Tokyo. ISSN 0378-3839; e-ISSN 1872-7379, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Author keywords
    Post overtopping processes; Impact forces; Storm wall; Flow depth; Flowvelocity; Force distribution; Weibull; Scale effect; Experimentalmodeling

Authors  Top 
  • Van Doorslaer, K., more
  • Romano, A.
  • De Rouck, J., more
  • Kortenhaus, A., more

    Will coastal towns survive the rising pressure, or better, the rising sea level in future decades? Waves overtop dikes, and the overtopping flow on the crest of the dike can cause damage. Wave impacts from these overtopping flows already became of interest in coastal engineering the past few years, but very little literature and almost no design formulae are available yet for irregular waves. This paper gives such design formulae for practical use. Experimental modeling at three different scales (small, middle and large scale) has been carried out to measure such impacts. The tested geometry was a smooth sloping dike (only non-breaking waves) with a promenade at crest level and a storm wall at the end of this promenade.The outcome of this paper are three methodologies to a) calculate wave impact forces on such a storm wall as a function of the hydraulic parameters; b) determine the (Weibull) distribution of all impacts in one test, with the shape and scale parameters also linked to the hydraulic parameters; and c) to provide an indirect approach to calculate the impact forces on the storm wall. In this last approach, the (distribution of the) individual overtopping waves are linked to the (distribution of the) overtopping flow parameters, which are then linked to the (distribution of the) impact forces.Finally, the empirical formulae from the aforementioned three methodologies are compared; analogies and differences are discussed, and guidance is provided to design storm walls against post overtopping impact forces.Results show that forces from waves overtopping the dikes are in the order of 20 to 40 kN/m prototype scale in the dimensionless freeboard (Rc/Hm0) range of 1 to 2. This is (much) lower compared to impact forces on vertical walls as calculated by the Shore Protection Manual.

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