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HVDC systems in smart grids
Barnes, M.; Van Hertem, D.; Teeuwsen, S.P.; Callavik, M. (2017). HVDC systems in smart grids. Proceedings of the Ieee 105(11): 2082-2098.
In: Proceedings of the Ieee. IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC: Piscataway. ISSN 0018-9219; e-ISSN 1558-2256, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Author keywords
    High-voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission; power conversion; powergrids; power system control; power transmission; smart grids

Authors  Top 
  • Barnes, M.
  • Van Hertem, D., more
  • Teeuwsen, S.P.
  • Callavik, M.

    The use of direct current (dc) power networks, either at high voltage or at medium voltage, is being increasingly seen in modern smart grids. This is due to the flexible control possible with dc and its ability to transmit and distribute power under circumstances where alternating current (ac) networks are either unable to, or less economic. This paper provides an overview of the evolution of high-voltage dc (HVDC) transmission from early Thury systems, to modern ultrahigh-voltage dc and multiterminal voltage-source converter systems. The operation of both current-source and voltage-source systems is discussed, along with modeling requirements. The paper provides a snapshot of the state of the art of HVDC with copious references to enable in-depth reading. Key developments over the last 20 years are highlighted. Issues surrounding multiterminal operation and dc protection are explained, along with drivers in economics and policy. This will inform HVDC integration into smart grids.

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