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Human ecological effects of tropical storms in the coastal area of Ky Anh (Ha Tinh, Vietnam)
Nguyen, T.A.; Vu, D.A.; Vu, P.V.; Nguyen, T.N.; Pham, T.M.; Nguyen, H.T.T.; Le, H.T.; Nguyen, T.V.; Hoang, L.K.; Vu, T.D.; Nguyen, T.S.; Luong, T.T.; Trinh, N.P.; Hens, L. (2017). Human ecological effects of tropical storms in the coastal area of Ky Anh (Ha Tinh, Vietnam). Environ. Dev. Sustain. 19(2): 745-767. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10668-016-9761-3
In: Environment, Development and Sustainability. Springer Science+Business Media: London; Dordrecht; Boston. ISSN 1387-585X; e-ISSN 1573-2975, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Author keywords
    Tropical storm; Livelihood; Climate change; Damage valuation; Trendanalysis; Cost analysis; Ky Anh; Central Vietnam

Authors  Top 
  • Nguyen, T.A.
  • Vu, D.A.
  • Vu, P.V.
  • Nguyen, T.N.
  • Pham, T.M.
  • Nguyen, H.T.T.
  • Le, H.T.
  • Nguyen, T.V.
  • Hoang, L.K.
  • Vu, T.D.
  • Nguyen, T.S.
  • Luong, T.T.
  • Trinh, N.P.
  • Hens, L., more

Abstract
    Vietnam is prone to tropical storms. Climate change effects contribute to sea level rise, floods, progression of the low water line and coastal erosion. This paper inventories the perception of local people, assesses and values main aspects of the livelihood damage caused by the tropical storms of the period 2008-2013 in three coastal communes of the Ky Anh District of the Ha Tinh Province in Central Vietnam. The communes were selected because the location of their coastal line is perpendicular to the storm itself, which made them prone to damage. The effects of increasingly extreme weather conditions on three communities in an area most affected by storms and floods on the local residents and their responses to these changing environmental conditions are analyzed and assessed. The results of questionnaires completed by randomly selected local inhabitants of these communes show that storms and related hazards such as flood, sea level rise and heavy rain are perceived as the most impacting climate change intensified phenomena on agriculture and aquaculture, livestock, household property and income. Opinions and measured data provided by the commune and district authorities allow estimating the total direct cost of the tropical storm at 1.56 million $US (The used conversion rate VND/$US is 21,730 when the research was conducted in 2014) during the period 2008-2013. The long-term costs of adaptation and social impact measures will be significantly higher. Details of the monetary figures allow identifying the physical and natural capital of the area as being most affected by the storm. Trend and cost analysis show that the total financial support for hazard prevention and management during 2014-2019 is estimated at 1.19 up to 1.32 million $US. Local stakeholders indicate that climate change adaptation should not be limited to technical measures such as strengthening dikes, but also should target planting protection forests and mangroves and land use planning. Financial support for the relocation policy, stakeholder involvement and integrating climate change adaptation in both the socioeconomic development master plan and local land use planning are also of importance.

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