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The effects of dietary lipid and strain difference on polyunsaturated fatty acid composition and conversion in anadromous and landlocked salmon (Salmo salar L.) parr
Rollin, X.; Peng, J.; Pham, D.; Ackman, R.G.; Larondelle, Y. (2003). The effects of dietary lipid and strain difference on polyunsaturated fatty acid composition and conversion in anadromous and landlocked salmon (Salmo salar L.) parr. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. (B Biochem. Mol. Biol.) 134(2): 349-366. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1096-4959(02)00264-6
In: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. Pergamon: Oxford. ISSN 1096-4959; e-ISSN 1879-1107, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Pisces [WoRMS]; Salmo salar Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]
Author keywords
    fatty acid composition; fish; genotypic differences; landlocked salmon;phospholipids; PUFA conversion; Salmo salar; triacylglycerols

Authors  Top 
  • Rollin, X., more
  • Peng, J.
  • Pham, D.
  • Ackman, R.G.
  • Larondelle, Y., more

Abstract
    Five experimental diets containing different proportions of olive, sunflower and linseed oils were used in a 55-day feeding trial on both anadromous and landlocked parr of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) of the same age, in order to study the effects of diet and strain on growth and fatty acid composition and absolute gains in fish whole body triacylglycerols(TAG) and phospholipids (PL). Growth rate was higher in landlocked than in anadromous parr, but not between the different diets. By contrast, the effect of diet on whole body fatty acid composition was much more pronounced than that of strain difference. The fatty acids deposition results establish significant (P<0.05) positive correlations and linear relationships between the percentage of several fatty acids (18:1n-9, 18:2n-6, 18:3n-3) in dietary lipids and their absolute gains in whole body TAG and PL of both stocks. They also indicate the selective deposition of 18:1n-9 compared with linoleic acid (LLA) and linolenic acid (LNA). Finally, the results suggest the occurrence of the conversion of LLA and LNA to long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, its stimulation by increased substrate availability, a significantly higher n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids conversion capacity in landlocked than in anadromous parr and a strong genetic influence on docosahexaenoic acid content in salmon parr PL.

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