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Usability of the climate-resilient nature-based sand motor pilot, The Netherlands
Brière, C.; Janssen, S.K.H.; Oost, A.P.; Taal, M.; Tonnon, P.K. (2017). Usability of the climate-resilient nature-based sand motor pilot, The Netherlands. J. Coast. Conserv. 22(3): 491-502. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11852-017-0527-3
In: Journal of Coastal Conservation. Opulus/Springer: Uppsala. ISSN 1400-0350; e-ISSN 1874-7841, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Keywords
    Design
    Evaluation
    Monitoring
    Sustainability
Author keywords
    Soft engineering, Mega-nourishment, Numerical modelling, Usability

Authors  Top 
  • Brière, C.
  • Janssen, S.K.H.
  • Oost, A.P.
  • Taal, M., more
  • Tonnon, P.K.

Abstract
    Coastline maintenance in the Netherlands, formally in place since 1990, aims at a sustainable preservation of coastal flood protection. Over 25 years annual assessments, comparing the actual coastline positions with the 1990 reference position of the coastline, have governed the execution of sand nourishments following an adaptive management method. This method involves yearly assessment of the coastline based on measurements, design and adoption of nourishment strategies and measures and execution of the nourishments. This management approach has enabled learning and introduction of innovations in coastline maintenance. For instance, in comparison to the early nineties, nourishments are now placed more on the foreshore and the yearly nourishment budget has doubled. The most recent innovation in coastline maintenance is the ‘Sand Motor’, a nature-based nourishment approach, which concentrates the regular nourishments in space and time, given that natural processes should redistribute the sediment over the wider coastal system. In contrast to regular nourishments, the Sand Motor combines flood protection with nature and recreational objectives and is much larger in dimensions. Five years after the construction of the Sand Motor we investigate its usability in this article. We present the results of first Sand Motor evaluation and draw conclusion on the adoption and usefulness of it for coastline management from the perspective of the adaptive management method used in coastline maintenance. Recent evaluation of the monitoring data shows that the large amount of sand used for the Sand Motor has a positive impact on coastal protection. Bridging between the Sand Motor pilot and daily nourishement practice is however not yet achieved.

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