High‐Resolution Mg/Ca and δ18O patterns in modern Neogloboquadrina pachyderma from the Fram Strait and Irminger Sea
Livsey, C.M.; Kozdon, R.; Bauch, D.; Brummer, G.-J. A.; Jonkers, L.; Orland, I.; Hill, T.M.; Spero, H.J. (2020). High‐Resolution Mg/Ca and δ18O patterns in modern Neogloboquadrina pachyderma from the Fram Strait and Irminger Sea. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology 35(9). https://doi.org/10.1029/2020pa003969
Neogloboquadrina pachyderma is the dominant species of planktonic foraminifera found in polar waters and is therefore invaluable for paleoceanographic studies of the high latitudes. However, the geochemistry of this species is complicated due to the development of a thick calcite crust in its final growth stage and atgreater depths within the water column. We analyzed the in situ Mg/Ca and δ 18O in discrete calcite zones using laser ablation‐inductively coupled plasma‐mass spectrometry, electron probe microanalysis, and secondary ion mass spectrometry within modern N. pachyderma shells from the highly dynamic Fram Strait and the seasonally isothermal/isohaline Irminger Sea. Here we compare shell geochemistry to the measured temperature, salinity, and δ18Osw in which the shells calcified to better understand the controls on N. pachyderma geochemical heterogeneity. We present a relationship between Mg/Ca and temperature in N. pachyderma lamellar calcite that is significantly different than published equations for shells that contained both crust and lamellar calcite. We also document highly variable secondary ion mass spectrometry δ18O results (up to a 3.3‰ range in single shells) on plankton tow samples which we hypothesize is due to the granular texture of shell walls. Finally, we document that the δ18O of the crust and lamellar calcite of N. pachyderma from an isothermal/isohaline environment are indistinguishable from each other, indicating that shifts in N. pachyderma δ18O are primarily controlled by changes in environmental temperature and/or salinity rather than differences in the sensitivities of the two calcite types to environmental conditions.
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