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Pangenomics of the symbiotic Rhizobiales. Core and accessory functions across a group endowed with high levels of genomic plasticity
Rosselli, R.; La Porta, N.; Muresu, R.; Stevanato, P.; Concheri, G.; Squartini, A. (2021). Pangenomics of the symbiotic Rhizobiales. Core and accessory functions across a group endowed with high levels of genomic plasticity. Microorganisms 9(2): 407. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9020407
In: Microorganisms. MDPI: Basel. ISSN 2076-2607, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Rhizobium sullae
Author keywords
    pangenome; core genome; rhizobiales; nitrogen-fixing symbiosis; nodulation genes; functional divergence; Rhizobium sullae

Authors  Top 
  • Rosselli, R., more
  • La Porta, N.
  • Muresu, R.
  • Stevanato, P.
  • Concheri, G.
  • Squartini, A.

Abstract

    Pangenome analyses reveal major clues on evolutionary instances and critical genome core conservation. The order Rhizobiales encompasses several families with rather disparate ecological attitudes. Among them, Rhizobiaceae, Bradyrhizobiaceae, Phyllobacteriacreae and Xanthobacteriaceae, include members proficient in mutualistic symbioses with plants based on the bacterial conversion of N2 into ammonia (nitrogen-fixation). The pangenome of 12 nitrogen-fixing plant symbionts of the Rhizobiales was analyzed yielding total 37,364 loci, with a core genome constituting 700 genes. The percentage of core genes averaged 10.2% over single genomes, and between 5% to 7% were found to be plasmid-associated. The comparison between a representative reference genome and the core genome subset, showed the core genome highly enriched in genes for macromolecule metabolism, ribosomal constituents and overall translation machinery, while membrane/periplasm-associated genes, and transport domains resulted under-represented. The analysis of protein functions revealed that between 1.7% and 4.9% of core proteins could putatively have different functions.


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