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Investigation of evaporating sprays in a medium speed marine engine
Li, H.; Verschaeren, R.; Beji, T.; Verhelst, S. (2021). Investigation of evaporating sprays in a medium speed marine engine. Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 121: 110278.
In: Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science. ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC: New York. ISSN 0894-1777; e-ISSN 1879-2286, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Author keywords
    Evaporating spray; Marine engine; Optical measurement; Pump-line-nozzle system; Penetration model

Authors  Top 
  • Li, H., more
  • Verschaeren, R.
  • Beji, T.
  • Verhelst, S., more

    The understanding of diesel sprays is very important to enable a better and cleaner marine engine design, but unfortunately little knowledge is openly available on marine engine fuel sprays. In this paper, evaporating sprays for medium speed marine engines were studied in a constant volume combustion chamber by performing optical measurements through Schlieren and Mie diagnostic techniques. The effects of ambient gas temperature and ambient gas density on vapor and liquid penetration were investigated by changing the target condition in the combustion chamber. A comparative study of two injectors with different nozzle diameters (0.38 mm and 0.44 mm) was also carried out at ambient density of 22.5 kg/m(3). Some empirical correlations of spray penetration have been modified to fit the spray measurement data. Due to the transient characteristics of the pump-line-nozzle injection system, a time-dependent injection pressure profile is suggested for calculation of spray penetration. The spray tip penetration at large distance under low density (7.6 and 15.2 kg/m(3)) conditions is expected to be proportional to t(2/3), which is supported by the model considering spray-induced gas turbulence effect. The t(1/2) law, where turbulence is not taken into account, is still valid under high density (22.5 kg/m(3)) conditions with higher engine load. The comparison of two models demonstrates that the effect of gas turbulence is influenced by the ambient gas density and engine load.

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