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Ocean acidification affects biological activities of seaweeds: a case study of Sargassum vulgare from Ischia volcanic CO2 vents
Kumar, A.; Buia, M.C.; Palumbo, A.; Mohany, M.; Wadaan, M.A.M.; Hozzein, W.N.; Beemster, G.T.S.; AbdElgawad, H. (2020). Ocean acidification affects biological activities of seaweeds: a case study of Sargassum vulgare from Ischia volcanic CO2 vents. Environ. Pollut. 259: 113765. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.envpol.2019.113765
In: Environmental Pollution. Elsevier: Barking. ISSN 0269-7491; e-ISSN 1873-6424, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Sargassum vulgare C.Agardh, 1820 [WoRMS]
    Marine/Coastal
Author keywords
    Climate change; Bioactivity; Marine algae; Natural acidification; Marine drugs

Authors  Top 
  • Kumar, A.
  • Buia, M.C., more
  • Palumbo, A.
  • Mohany, M.
  • Wadaan, M.A.M.
  • Hozzein, W.N.
  • Beemster, G.T.S., more
  • AbdElgawad, H., more

Abstract
    We utilized volcanic CO2 vents at Castello Aragonese off Ischia Island as a natural laboratory to investigate the effect of lowered pH/elevated CO2 on the bioactivities of extracts from fleshy brown algae Sargassum vulgare C. Agardh. We analysed the carbohydrate levels, antioxidant capacity, antibacterial, antifungal, antiprotozoal, anticancer properties and antimutagenic potential of the algae growing at the acidified site (pH ∼ 6.7) and those of algae growing at the nearby control site Lacco Ameno (pH∼8.1). The results of the present study show that the levels of polysaccharides fucoidan and alginate were higher in the algal population at acidified site. In general, extracts for the algal population from the acidified site showed a higher antioxidant capacity, antilipidperoxidation, antibacterial, antifungal, antiprotozoal, anticancer activities and antimutagenic potential compared to the control population. The increased bioactivity in acidified population could be due to elevated levels of bioactive compounds of algae and/or associated microbial communities. In this snapshot study, we performed bioactivity assays but did not characterize the chemistry and source of presumptive bioactive compounds. Nevertheless, the observed improvement in the medicinal properties of S. vulgare in the acidified oceans provides a promising basis for future marine drug discovery.

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