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Isolation and characterization of two microalgal isolates from Vietnam with potential for food, feed, and biodiesel production
Luu, T.N.; Alsafra, Z.; Corato, A.; Corsaro, D.; Le, H.A.; Eppe, G.; Remacle, C. (2020). Isolation and characterization of two microalgal isolates from Vietnam with potential for food, feed, and biodiesel production. Energies (Basel) 13(4): 898. https://hdl.handle.net/10.3390/en13040898
In: Energies (Basel). Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI): Basel. ISSN 1996-1073; e-ISSN 1996-1073, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Desmodesmus (R.Chodat) S.S.An, T.Friedl & E.Hegewald, 1999 [WoRMS]; Nannochloropsis D.J.Hibberd, 1981 [WoRMS]
    Marine/Coastal
Author keywords
    microalga; fatty acid; Vietnam; Nannochloropsis; Desmodesmus

Authors  Top 
  • Luu, T.N., more
  • Alsafra, Z., more
  • Corato, A.
  • Corsaro, D.
  • Le, H.A.
  • Eppe, G., more
  • Remacle, C., more

Abstract
    Microalgae are promising feedstock for the production of biodiesel and diverse medium- and high-value products such as pigments and polyunsaturated fatty acids. The importance of strain selection adapted to specific environments is important for economical purposes. We characterize here two microalgal strains, isolated from wastewater of shrimp cultivation ponds in Vietnam. Based on the 18S rDNA-ITS region, one strain belongs to the Eustigmatophyceae class and is identical to the Nannochloropsis salina isolate D12 (JX185299.1), while the other is a Chlorophyceae belonging to the Desmodesmus genus, which possesses a S516 group I intron in its 18S rDNA gene. The N. salina strain is a marine and oleaginous microalga (40% of dry weight (DW) at stationary phase) whole oil is rich in saturated fatty acids (around 45% of C16:0) suitable for biodiesel and contains a few percent of eicosapentaenoic acid (C20:5). The Desmodesmus isolate can assimilate acetate and ammonium and is rich in lutein. Its oil contains around 40%–50% α-linolenic acid (C18:3), an essential fatty acid. Since they tolerate various salinities (10% to 35‰), both strains are thus interesting for biodiesel or aquaculture valorization in coastal and tropical climate where water, nutrient, and salinity availability vary greatly depending on the season.

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