|Reinterpretation of the Neogene sediments of the Bree Uplift, NE Belgium|In: Geologica Belgica. Geologica Belgica: Brussels . ISSN 1374-8505; e-ISSN 2034-1954, more
Roer Valley Graben, sedimentary structures, flow constriction, Mol Formation, Pliocene backbarrier tidal deposit
The present geological map of the Flemish Region shows a small lens-shaped isolated outcrop of the Miocene Bolderberg, Diest and Kasterlee Formations, surrounded by younger formations, in an area that coincides with the tectonic Bree Uplift segment, on the southwestern border of the Roer Valley Graben in NE Limburg. The fault, bordering the segment at its SW side, had been interpreted to be tectonically active throughout the Neogene. Now; it is argued that an erroneous lithostratigraphic interpretation of the outcropping strata supported that view. Field observations of some of the outcrops and sampled drill holes show that the sediments do not belong to an Opitter member of the Bolderberg Formation, a Gruitrode Mill member of the Diest Formation and a Dorperberg member of the Kasterlee Formation, but most probably to the lower, latest Miocene or early Pliocene part of the Mol Formation and an unknown Pliocene marginal marine deposit not unlike and at about the stratigraphic position of the Poederlee Formation. That glauconiferous sand deposit, which has always been interpreted as consisting of two successive sedimentary cycles, is now accommodated in a single cycle, using the sedimentary model of deposition in a confined, backbarrier tidal basin subject to marine sand input and local stages of flow constriction and intrafonnational incision. Like already proposed by Rossa (1986) and Demyttenaere (1989), reprocessed seismic sections show only minor movements along the southwestern fault of the Bree Uplift since the Paleocene, and no inverse tectonic movements at all since the Middle Miocene.