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The influence of diluted clay suspensions on sea scallop (Placopecten magellanicus ) feeding activity and tissue growth
Cranford, P.J.; Gordon Jr., D.C. (1992). The influence of diluted clay suspensions on sea scallop (Placopecten magellanicus ) feeding activity and tissue growth. Neth. J. Sea Res. 30: 107-120.
In: Netherlands Journal of Sea Research. Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ): Groningen; Den Burg. ISSN 0077-7579; e-ISSN 1873-1406, more
Also appears in:
Heip, C.H.R.; Nienhuis, P.H.; Pollen-Lindeboom, P.R. (Ed.) (1992). Proceedings of the 26th European Marine Biology Symposium: Biological Effects of Disturbances on Estuarine and Coastal Marine Environments, 17-21 September 1991, Yerseke, The Netherlands. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 30. Netherlands Institute for Sea Research: Texel. 299 pp., more
Peer reviewed article  

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  • Cranford, P.J.
  • Gordon Jr., D.C.

    Long and short-term laboratory experiments were conducted to examine biological responses of sea scallops (Placopecten magellanicus) to relatively dilute bentonite clay suspensions. The effect of bentonite addition (0,2 and 10 mg·dm-3 treatments) to a natural diet of phytoplankton and organic detritus (seston) on somatic and reproductive tissue growth was examined over 68 days during the period of gametogenesis. Filtration, ingestion and pseudofaeces production rates and particle retention efficiency were measured for scallops which were fed mixtures of algae (dried Tetraselmis suecica) or natural seston and bentonite (0 to 15 mg·dm-3). Pre-ingestive particle-selection capabilities were examined through chlorophyll a, organic content and carbon and nitrogen analyses of suspended particles and pseudofaeces. The results indicate a low tolerance to suspended bentonite. Extensive chronic mortalities and significant impacts on somatic and reproductive tissue growth were exhibited at 10 mg·dm-3. Despite an inability to effectively retain clay-size particles, sea scallop feeding activity was altered by dilute bentonite suspensions. Animals fed natural seston without added bentonite displayed filtration rates twice as high as when 2 mg bentonite per dm³ was added, but tissue growth in both groups was similar. When provided with a diet of Tetraselmis, a similar reduction in filtration rate required bentonite concentrations exceeding 6 mg·dm-3; levels lower than 1.0 mg·dm-3 enhanced filtration rates. Sea scallops displayed two feeding mechanisms for actively enhancing the quality of ingested matter when exposed to elevated levels of suspended clay. Scallops were less efficient at retaining bentonite particles at concentrations exceeding 2 mg·dm-3 than at lower levels. This shift in retention efficiency did not require a period of acclimation. Above a threshold bentonite concentration of 2 mg·dm-3, scallops produced pseudofaeces and selectively ingested seston or Tetraselmis over clay particles. Selection efficiencies, determined from relative chlorophyll a, AFDW, POC and the PN-concentration of retained particles and pseudofaeces, were low compared with values published for other suspension-feeding bivalves.

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