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Why the whelk (Buccinum undatum) has become extinct in the Dutch Wadden Sea
Cadée, G.C.; Boon, J.P.; Fischer, C.V.; Mensink, B.P.; ten Hallers-Tjabbes, C.C. (1995). Why the whelk (Buccinum undatum) has become extinct in the Dutch Wadden Sea. Neth. J. Sea Res. 34(4): 337-339
In: Netherlands Journal of Sea Research. Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ): Groningen; Den Burg. ISSN 0077-7579; e-ISSN 1873-1406, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

    Agents > Antifouling substances
    Chemical compounds > Tin compounds
    Chemical elements > Metals > Heavy metals > Tin
    Conservation > Nature conservation
    Fauna > Aquatic organisms > Aquatic animals > Shellfish > Marine organisms > Marine molluscs
    Overexploitation > Commercial fishing > Overfishing
    Pollution effects
    Population dynamics
    Buccinum undatum Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]; Gastropoda [WoRMS]
    ANE, Wadden Sea [Marine Regions]

Authors  Top 
  • Cadée, G.C., more
  • Boon, J.P., more
  • Fischer, C.V.
  • Mensink, B.P.
  • ten Hallers-Tjabbes, C.C.

    The disappearance of the whelk from the western Dutch Wadden Sea started in the mid 1920s with a gradual decline due to overfishing and lethal shell damage by fishing gear. When fishery stopped in the early 1970s, tributyltin-based (TBT) antifouling paints had become into use. Such paints caused imposex and possibly reproduction failure in the whelk leading to its local extinction. The whelk will disappear from larger parts of its present distribution area if fishery-free areas do not become effective, and if the use of TBT-based paints continues.

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