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Feeding ecology of juvenile flatfishes of the surf zone of a sandy beach
Beyst, B.; Cattrijsse, A.; Mees, J. (1999). Feeding ecology of juvenile flatfishes of the surf zone of a sandy beach. J. Fish Biol. 55(6): 1171-1186. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.1999.tb02068.x
In: Journal of Fish Biology. Fisheries Society of the British Isles: London,New York,. ISSN 0022-1112; e-ISSN 1095-8649, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Aquatic communities > Benthos > Zoobenthos
    Availability > Food availability
    Behaviour > Feeding behaviour
    Diets
    Feeding
    Fishes > Osteichthyes > Pleuronectiformes > Bothidae > Scophthalmus > Scophthalmus rhombus
    Fishes > Osteichthyes > Pleuronectiformes > Pleuronectidae > Limanda > Limanda limanda
    Interspecific relationships > Predation > Prey selection
    Scophthalmus maximus
    Topographic features > Beach features > Surf zone
    Topographic features > Landforms > Coastal landforms > Beaches
    Vertebrates > Fishes > Osteichthyes > Pleuronectiformes > Bothidae > Scophthalmus
    Pleuronectes platessa Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]; Solea solea (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]
    ANE, Belgium [Marine Regions]; Belgium [Marine Regions]
    Marine/Coastal

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Abstract
    Prey items of 0- and 1-group plaice Pleuronectes platessa, sole Solea solea, brill Scophthalmus rhombus, turbot S. maximus and dab Limanda limanda of the surf zone of a Belgian sandy beach, included hyperbenthic (e.g; mysids), endobenthic (e.g. Polychaetes) and epibenthic (e.g. shrimps) species. Little dietary overlap was observed. If diet overlap did occur, it mainly involved prey species that are dominant in the surf zone of Belgian beaches, such as shrimps and mysids. These results suggest an opportunistic utilization by flatfish of the available food resources in surf zone ecosystems. Also, two strategically different feeding habits could be distinguished between the five flatfish species. Turbot and brill mainly fed on large, highly mobile prey (e.g. fish, mysids) and had a rather narrow prey spectrum, whereas plaice, dab and sole ate more benthic prey (e.g. Polychaetes) and had a broader prey spectrum.

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