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Relationship between PCB concentrations and reproduction in mussels Mytilus edulis
Hummel, H.; UitOudeGroeneveld, J.P.; Nieuwenhuize, J.; van Liere, J.M.; Bogaards, R.H.; de Wolf, L. (1989). Relationship between PCB concentrations and reproduction in mussels Mytilus edulis. Mar. Environ. Res. 28(1-4): 489-493. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/0141-1136(89)90289-4
In: Marine Environmental Research. Applied Science Publishers: Barking. ISSN 0141-1136; e-ISSN 1879-0291, meer
Peer reviewed article  

Beschikbaar in  Auteurs 

Trefwoorden
    Biological phenomena > Accumulation > Bioaccumulation
    Chemical compounds > Organic compounds > Hydrocarbons > Unsaturated hydrocarbons > Aromatic hydrocarbons > PCB
    Chemical compounds > Organic compounds > Lipids > Fats
    Pathology
    Pollution > Water pollution
    Pollution > Water pollution > Marine pollution
    Pollution effects
    Reproduction > Sexual reproduction
    Secretory organs > Glands > Endocrine glands > Animal reproductive organs > Gonads
    Mytilus edulis Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]
    Marien

Auteurs  Top 
  • Hummel, H., meer
  • UitOudeGroeneveld, J.P.
  • Nieuwenhuize, J.
  • van Liere, J.M.
  • Bogaards, R.H.
  • de Wolf, L.

Abstract
    Changes in the concentrations of PCBs and fats were followed in mussels Mytilus edulis , transferred vice versa between a polluted estuary (Westerschelde) and a relatively low-pollution sea-arm (Oosterschelde). The concentrations in the mantle, which contains the gonads, were determined separately from the rest of the body. The fat content of the mantle increased 1 1/2- to 2-fold during the observation period (autumn, winter) and remained constant in the rest of the body. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in mussels transferred from the polluted to the less polluted area were not eliminated. In the mussels transferred to the polluted area the increase of the PCB content was 2- to 3-fold over a period of 3 months. PCBs in the mantle, and therefore in the gonads, can amount to more than 40% of the total PCB load in a mussel. It was concluded that during the spawning of gametes a substantial proportion of the PCBs may be shed.

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