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Natural history collections as a basis for sound biodiversity assessments: Plexauridae (Octocorallia, Holaxonia) of the Naturalis CANCAP and Tyro Mauritania II expeditions
Sampaio, I.; Carreiro-Silva, M.; Freiwald, A.; Menezes, G.M.; Grasshoff, M. (2019). Natural history collections as a basis for sound biodiversity assessments: Plexauridae (Octocorallia, Holaxonia) of the Naturalis CANCAP and Tyro Mauritania II expeditions. ZooKeys 870: 1-32. https://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.870.35285
In: ZooKeys. Pensoft: Sofia. ISSN 1313-2989; e-ISSN 1313-2970, meer
Peer reviewed article  

Beschikbaar in  Auteurs 

Trefwoorden
    Distribution > Geographical distribution
    Water > Deep water
    Alcyonacea [WoRMS]
Author keywords
    CANCAP project; Tyro Mauritania II; zoological collections

Auteurs  Top 
  • Sampaio, I.
  • Carreiro-Silva, M.
  • Freiwald, A., meer
  • Menezes, G.M.
  • Grasshoff, M.

Abstract
    Mapping biodiversity is the marathon of the 21st Century as an answer to the present extinction crisis. A century in which science is also characterised by large scientific datasets collected through new technolo- gies aiming to fill gaps in our knowledge of species distributions. However, most species records rely on observations that are not linked to specimens, which does not allow verification of species hypotheses by other scientists. Natural history museums form a verifiable source of biodiversity records which were made by taxonomists. Nonetheless, these museums seem to be forgotten by biologists in scientific fields other than taxonomy or systematics. Naturalis Biodiversity Center (NBC) in Leiden is care keeper of large collections of marine organisms, which were sampled in the Northeast Atlantic during the CANCAP and Tyro Mauritania II expeditions (1976–1988). Many octocorals were sampled and deposited in the NBC collection, where they became available for study and were partially identified by the senior author (M.G.) in the 1980s. Nonetheless, no checklist or taxonomic revision was published so far with the complete results. In 2016 the first author visited NBC to examine NE Atlantic Plexauridae octocorals. Plexauridae octocoral-vouchered records were listed and mapped to reveal high standard primary biodiversity records unreported so far for the NE Atlantic Ocean. Twenty-four Plexauridae species with ~ six putative new species to science were discovered and eleven new biogeographical records were made from distinct Macaronesian archipelagos. Finally, new depth range records were found for three species at sea basin level and for eight species at a regional scale.

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