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Genetic Biodiversity

Overkoepelend project: Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning - EU Network of Excellence, meer
Acroniem: GBIRM
Periode: September 2005 tot December 2008
Status: Afgelopen

Thesaurustermen: Biodiversiteit; Genetische diversiteit

Instituten (26)  Top 
  • Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique; Institut National de Science de l'Univers; Centre d'Océanologie de Marseille; Station Marine d'Endoume, meer, partner
  • Koninklijk Nederlands Instituut voor Onderzoek der Zee; NIOZ Yerseke, meer, partner
  • Universitat de les Illes Balears; Instituto Mediterraneo de Estudios Avanzados (IMEDEA), meer, partner
  • Stazione Zoologica 'Anton Dohrn' di Napoli; Benthic Ecology Laboratory, meer, partner
  • Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar- and Marine Research; Wadden Sea Station Sylt (AWI-Sylt), meer, partner
  • National Institute of Biology; Marine Biological Station Piran (MBS), meer, partner
  • Technical University of Denmark; National Institute of Aquatic Resources; Department of Inland Fisheries, meer, partner
  • Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research, Warnemünde (IOW), meer, partner
  • Universiteit Gent; Faculteit Wetenschappen; Vakgroep Biologie; Onderzoeksgroep Mariene Biologie (MARBIOL), meer, partner
  • Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel; Marine Ecology Division; Fishery Biology section, meer, partner
  • University of Groningen; Onderzoeksgroep Mariene Biologie, meer, partner
  • University of Algarve; Faculty of Marine and Environmental Sciences; Centre of Marine Sciences (CCMAR), meer, partner
  • Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer (IFREMER), meer, partner
  • University of Gdansk; Institute of Oceanography; Department of Marine Ecosystem Functioning; Laboratory of Estuarine Ecology, meer, partner
  • Hellenic Centre for Marine Research; Institute of Marine Biology and Genetics; Genetics and Molecular Biotechnology Group, meer, partner
  • Sorbonne Université; Sorbonne Université/CNRS, Station Biologique de Roscoff (SBR), meer, partner
  • University of Gothenburg; Faculty of Science; Department of Marine Ecology, meer, partner
  • Bangor University; School of Ocean Sciences, meer, partner
  • Université de La Rochelle; Institut du Littoral, Laboratoire de Biologie et d'Environnement Marins (LBEM), meer, niet-contractuele partner
  • Katholieke Universiteit Leuven; Departement Biologie; Afdeling Dierenecologie en -systematiek; Diversiteit en Systematiek van Dieren, meer, niet-contractuele partner
  • Université Mohammed V Agdal; Unité de Recherche OCEMAR, meer, niet-contractuele partner
  • Université Abdelmalek Essaâdi; Faculté des Sciences et Techniques; Eco-toxicologie Marine, meer, niet-contractuele partner
  • Institut National des Sciences et Technologies de la Mer; Laboratoire Ressources Marines Vivantes, meer, niet-contractuele partner
  • Université des Sciences et de la Technologie Houari Boumédiène; Faculté des Sciences Biologiques; Laboratoire d’Ecologie et Environnement, meer, niet-contractuele partner
  • University of Malta; Faculty of Science; Department of Biology, meer, niet-contractuele partner
  • University of Bologna; Research Center for Environmental Sciences; Laboratory of Experimental Ecology (LES), meer, partner

1. To improve sampling, population and phylogeographic studies of marine organisms which have vast distribution ranges
2. To produce a comprehensive analysis of phylogeographic patterns based on multiple species using shared sampling locations (synergy)
3. To assess the impact of different types of natural and human-mediated perturbations on marine biodiversity at different temporal and (large) spatial scales
4. To share technologies and to offer training facilities, in a context of rapid technical and theoretical progress
5. To make data available through coordinated outreach activities

Description of work
1. Complete the Genetics sub-network
2. Inventory of species studied in Marine Genetic diversity in Europe
3. Gathering sampling protocols from Genetic MARBEF members
4. State of the art seminars presenting Genetic diversity knowledge on (all) candidate species for this RPM -> workshop 1a (Ap.-Ma 2006)
5. Gather information about species and sites and environmental factors studied in Theme 2, and their
GIS layering
6. Gather information about possible interactions theme 3
7. Selection of model species to be studied in GBIRM. Several scales (local study [only monitored sites], regional study, pan-European study) will be defined.
8. Selection of sites for monitoring (repeated sampling of selected species) and comparative phylogeography (sampling once but as many selected species as possible). Defining sampling strategy -> workshop 1b (Ap.-Ma 2006)
9. Archiving on the web site of all transactions between members (exchange of samples, information, etc) to keep a tract, transparency
10. Sampling all selected species in all selected locations and through time at the monitored sites
11. DNA characterisation (sequencing or SSCP, genotyping, etc…)
12. Genetic data analysis performed for each species by responsible researcher ->workshop 2 (Ju-Jt 2007)
13. Analysis, for each species, of the correlation between genetic and environmental data (Theme 2 projects).
14. Theoretical analysis of phylogeographic (sensu lato) data-coalescence -> workshop 3 (De 2007- Ja 2008)
15. Comparisons of phylogeographic patterns with palaeo-climatic and oceanographic data to infer past climatic changes and environmental factors on shaping the present structure ->workshop 4 (Ju-Jt 2008)
16. Identification of groups of species showing identical or similar phylogeographic patterns if common life-history traits and ecological characteristics can explain these similarities
17. Determine spatial scales of population differentiation for multiple species in an area to determine the minimal size requirement for a marine protected area.
18. Analysis of species relevant to invasions and marine protected areas (Theme 3)
19. To provide information on genetic diversity and functioning through co-ordinated outreach activities including the publication of brochures, posters and web pages for the public, schools and colleges and scientists.

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